Stalking is defined by California Penal Code Section 646.9, which provides that “any person who willfully, maliciously, and repeatedly follows or harasses another person and who makes a credible threat with the intent to place that person in reasonable fear for his or her safety, or the safety of his or her immediate family” is guilty of the crime of stalking.


Unwanted pursuit. This is probably the best term to define stalking. There are many different behaviors that can be called stalking. All of these acts share two things:

  1. They are actions/ behaviors not wanted by the victim
  2. They threaten or cause fear to the victim.

New ways of staking emerge frequently and no list can encompass them all, but stalking often includes:

  • Following or surveillance
  • Inappropriate approaches and confrontations
  • Appearing at a place of work or residence
  • Unwanted telephone calls
  • Threats
  • Threats to family and friends
  • Unwanted letters
  • Unwanted or threatening
  • Unwanted pages or e-mails
  • Damage to property
  • Physical assault
  • Sexual assault